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Tea steepening is an exact science. There are distinct procedures to be followed and specific types of vessels to be used in its every single phase.  During high-quality Gongfu tea brewing, there are two common vessels that you cannot do without. These are the Gaiwan and Cha hai. Gaiwan is the Chinese name for the teapot or the brewer.

More About Fairness Cup ▼

Cha hai, also known as the fairness pitcher, justice cup, Tea-see or Gong Dao Bei, refers to the vessel used to proportionally serve Gongfu Tea straight from Gawan. Mostly, this vessel features transparent surface courtesy of the borosilicate structuring. However, this does not mean that you can’t find a fairness cup made of other types of material. We are going to lucidly cover that in our next subtopics. 


So, why do you need a fairness pitcher?

If you are keen on the taste of the tea you normally prepare, you will realize that, sometimes, the taste differs from one cup to the other. Normally, this is because of two factors; the leaf-to-water ratio and the difference in time between when the first and the last cup was served. 

1. The leaf-to-water ratio

Other than bad water or tea type, few things affect the taste of tea like odd water-tea leaves rato. With a lot of water, you will not even feel the taste of the tea. The drink will taste much the same as hot water. On the other hand, when the leaves are just too much, your drink will become bitter or with a strong taste. The only way out of the problem is keeping vigilance of the ration in your specific recipe.  

Anyway, in Gongfu or any other traditional method of tea preparation, the ratio of tea leaves to water changes with time. When cooking with tea, there is, need to add some more water since the resultant drink becomes strong with every successive steepening. Otherwise, the amount of water to add is determined by factors such as the type of tea leaves used, personal tastes and whether you are going to use the tea for other purposes such as medication. 

2. The duration of steeping

In tea brewing, one rule remains clear—you only alternate the amounts of ingredients and not the time. To come up with a strong tea, all you need is to add some more leaves. On the other hand, to minimize the intensity of flavour, you can either add some water or reduce the number of tea leaves in the recipe. By over-steeping, you will over-extract the tealeaves hence leading to an odd taste. This is why it is good to work with the company's steeping time or set a timer to come up with your own distinct time. 

In Gongfu style of tea brewing, balancing the three factors is almost unpractical. Not only are the serving cups many, but they are also shallow with low capacities. As a result, you will be required to successively decant the tea. Meaning, using the teapot to pour out the drink from one cup to the other, by the time you reach the last cup, the leaves inside the pot shall have overcooked. The result is quality drink in the first cup and off-taste in the last cup. This is where Cha hai come into play. 

With a fairness cup, you will be able to pour out all the steepened tea from the pot at once. In the process, you can also conveniently filter out any solid particles from the tea. Once you have decanted the entire tea into the fairness cup, you can go ahead to pour it into one cup after the other. This does not only help in achieving uniform taste but also in maintaining proportional volumes of drink in almost all cups. 

Generally, you do not need fairness cups for solo sessions. The vessel becomes a necessity when:

  • The teapot is too big for one serving
  • The cups are too many for a single steeping process
  • The capacity of the teapot is too small

Other than fair concentration and amount, fairness pitcher can also be used to:

  1. Determine the amount of tea brewed
  2. Mix different steeps before serving
  3. Brew and serve some specific types of teas


What are fairness cups made of?

Since their inception during the Ming Dynasty, fairness cups have remained a pillar in the tea industry. During that time, these cups came in the form of Yixing clay and porcelain cups. However, down the history, tea enthusiasts devised some other ways of creating Cha hai cups from almost all popular materials used for teaware design. 

  • Glass cha hai

These vessels are exclusively made of either borosilicate or ordinary glass. They are the most common worldwide. Glass Justice cups come in various designs and colours. Their appealing value and transparency are what pushes most tea enthusiasts to adopt glass cha hai. Otherwise, they are easy to wash and durable. 

  • Porcelain cups

Porcelain fairness cups are the immediate rivals of glassy cups. They can also be customized to augur well with the colour of the tea and some other personal preferences. They also offer peak performance when it comes to transparency. Just like any porcelain teaware out there, these vessels are easy to maintain and offer excellent performance when it comes to insulation. 

  • Clay Cha hai

Clay Justice cups are the oldest in history. Popular cups are handcrafted mainly with the Yixing clay. They also feature a wide range of designs and shapes. These cups are the best option in terms of durability and insulation value. 

  • Stainless steel cups

Stainless steel pitchers feature outstanding durability. They are non-corrosive, reusable, highly food grade and safe from any harmful emission. Though not dishwasher safe, these pitchers feature smooth surfaces that are non-porous, stain-resistant and easily accept imprints without bleeding.  It is fine to use a single stainless steel mug for a different type of drink since they do accept neither taste nor odour of the drinks.



The flavour of the tea can break or make your drinking session. By acquiring and adopting the use of a fairness pitcher, there is no doubt that you will not only achieve flavorful drink but also healthy tea that is free from any unwanted objects. Check our stores for some of the modest design and high-quality pitchers.

Start your day right with a cup of tea